The first step towards foot callous removal is to wear open toed shoes or covered shoes that have a wide area for the toes. This will reduce the pressure and the friction that is placed on the foot. Other ways of removing a callous is to use a callous foot sander. This device removes the thick and dry skin around the callous by gently sanding it away. Always remember to use moisturising cream on the affected area. Another good treatment of corns is to use fresh Aloe vera juice and rubbing it into the corn. You could try soaking your foot in Aloe vera juice for an even bigger effect.
In general, calluses develop on a flat surface and affect the parts of the foot that bears weight. The ball and the heel are common areas of the foot where calluses form. As we get older there is thinning of the padding on the bottom of each foot. Calluses then form naturally to provide protection from pressure and chafing. This is why as you get older, your feet are more prone to calluses. The lower limbs have to be strong to do what is expected of them. They cushion the impact of daily exercise such as walking running and jogging but that does not mean they cannot weaken through disease.
Normally, these bones and joints are straight. A hammertoe occurs when the toes become bent at the first interphalangeal joint, making the toe prominent. This can affect any number of the lesser toes. In some cases, a bursa (rather like a deep blister) is formed over the joint and this can become inflamed (bursitis). With time, hard skin (callous) or corns (condensed areas of callous) can form over the joints or at the tip of the toe. In the majority of cases, you will able to walk with the aid of crutches within 2-4 days but you will remain somewhat limited for the first 2 weeks.
Bunions, like blisters, are caused by stress and pressure, but this time against the bone/joint itself, rather than the overlying skin. The foot tries to compensate by building up fluid at the point of “rub”. This also creates inflammation in the deeper tissues. The bone also starts to over-grow at this point, almost as an attempt to push the foot away from the area of the rub. Toe Separators – silicone toe separator between the big toe and second toe stops them from rubbing up against each other. Surgery – surgical removal of bunions help – but they can reappear if you don’t also treat the cause of them.
Like any other infectious lesion, plantar warts are spread by touching, scratching, or even by contact with skin shed from another wart. The wart may also bleed, another route for spreading. Plantar warts that develop on the weight-bearing areas of the foot (the ball or heel of the foot) can cause a sharp, burning pain. Pain occurs when weight is brought to bear directly on the wart, although pressure on the side of a wart can create equally intense pain. Check for fungal infections between toes and on the bottoms of your feet. If any redness or dry, patchy skin is observed, get treatment right away